When I first got started scratchbuilding, I found tutorials really helpful. This is my attempt to pay back some of the information I stole early on by walking through a scratchbuild of a turn of the century "old west" mine. PART I: An empty space on my layout The photo at the bottom shows the spot on my HOn30 layout where I wanted to put a small mine structure. The space is really small: no more than 3 inches deep by 7 inches long. To find a suitable prototype, I trawled through the Denver Public Library's Western History Photos (www.photoswest.org) database with a keyword search for gold mine. After about 30 minutes of digging, I came up with the Vivandiere Mine, originally located near the town of Turret in Chaffee County, CO. There were a number of photos taken from the period 1890-1910. I decided I wanted to build the earliest incarnation of the mine: http://photoswest.org/cgi-bin/imager?10061569+X-61569 Other useful pictures, including how the mine fits into the local topography are: http://photoswest.org/cgi-bin/imager?10061571+X-61571 http://photoswest.org/cgi-bin/imager?10061573+X-61573 http://photoswest.org/cgi-bin/imager?10061907+X-61907 Some asides: I had to look up "Vivandiere": It basically means a female "camp follower" associated with zouave regiments during the Civil War. I also found out that the Vivandiere mine was eventually shut and the lumber recycled into a granite works that's still in operation.