Hello Glen. You are absolutely correct. One cannot look at the history of Canadian railways without looking at the politics - whether it's national transcontinental railways such as the CPR, Canadian Northern, Grand Trunk, Canadian National, Intercolonial, or local railways such as the Kingston & Pembroke, the Brockville & Westport, the Bytown & Prescott, Grand Junction, Midland Railway, etc, etc. Politics was involved every step of the way. And without the politics, the railways would have never been built. Which is one of the reasons why I liked "Lords of the Line". Pierre Berton brought the national politics to life in the "National Dream" and David Cruise and Alison Griffiths managed to bring the politics of building the railway into broad daylight. One of the parts that I like is Van Horne's ventures into the US and the Messabe range iron ore deposits when Van Horne was President and Stephen was chairman of the CPR. Van Horne didn't know the extent of the iron ore deposits. Stephen kept information from Van Horne while arranging for Stephen, Smith, Hill to put pressure on Van Horne and to take up all of the land in the Messabe range. Who would have thought that Stephen, Smith, Hill et al would have been plotting behind Van Horne's back to take over the Messabe Range iron ore discovery that produced over a billion dollars in profits for this trio!? It is said that Stephen and Smith made more money from James J. Hill's railroads than they ever made from the CPR. And that Stephen was muttering under his breath for the rest of his life "Goddamn the CPR!" or words to that effect. In doing historical research into some of my railways, I'm always fascinated by the local politics. Burton did a very good job in recreating the politics of the day - who would have thought that the one person, Donald Smith, who defeated the MacDonald conservatives in 1872 over the Pacific Scandal would be driving the last spike in 1885 on the CPR. Now, did Smith do this out a sense of ethics, or did he do this in order to one day take the opportunity to build a major business from which he benefited greatly? Yes, politics is what makes the world go round. Unfortunately, the media and a whole bunch of cynical people have given politics a dirty name. And we are looking to be entertained but not necessarily informed. Bob M.